About The Coun­try Rus­sia

Russian Map

Rus­sia, also offi­cially known as the Russ­ian Fed­er­a­tion, is a coun­try in north­ern Eura­sia. It is a fed­eral semi-​presidential repub­lic, com­pris­ing 83 fed­eral sub­jects. From north­west to south­east, Rus­sia shares land bor­ders with Nor­way, Fin­land, Esto­nia, Latvia, Lithua­nia and Poland (both with Kalin­ingrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Geor­gia, Azer­bai­jan, Kaza­khstan, China, Mon­go­lia, and North Korea. It shares mar­itime bor­ders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 square kilo­me­tres (6,592,800 sq mi), Rus­sia is the largest coun­try in the world, cov­er­ing more than one-​eighth of the Earth’s inhab­ited land area. Rus­sia is also the world’s ninth most pop­u­lous nation with 143 mil­lion peo­ple as of 2012. Extend­ing across the entirety of north­ern Asia and much of East­ern Europe, Rus­sia spans nine time zones and incor­po­rates a wide range of envi­ron­ments and landforms.

The nation’s his­tory began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a rec­og­niz­able group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th cen­turies AD.Founded and ruled by a Varangian war­rior elite and their descen­dants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th cen­tury. In 988 it adopted Ortho­dox Chris­tian­ity from the Byzan­tine Empire, begin­ning the syn­the­sis of Byzan­tine and Slavic cul­tures that defined Russ­ian cul­ture for the next mil­len­nium. Rus’ ulti­mately dis­in­te­grated into a num­ber of smaller states; most of the Rus’ lands were over­run by the Mon­gol inva­sion and became trib­u­taries of the nomadic Golden Horde. The Grand Duchy of Moscow grad­u­ally reuni­fied the sur­round­ing Russ­ian prin­ci­pal­i­ties, achieved inde­pen­dence from the Golden Horde, and came to dom­i­nate the cul­tural and polit­i­cal legacy of Kievan Rus’. By the 18th cen­tury, the nation had greatly expanded through con­quest, annex­a­tion, and explo­ration to become the Russ­ian Empire, which was the third largest empire in his­tory, stretch­ing from Poland in Europe to Alaska in North America.

Fol­low­ing the Russ­ian Rev­o­lu­tion, the Russ­ian Soviet Fed­er­a­tive Social­ist Repub­lic became the largest and lead­ing con­stituent of the Soviet Union, the world’s first con­sti­tu­tion­ally social­ist state and a rec­og­nized super­power, which played a deci­sive role in the Allied vic­tory in World War II. The Soviet era saw some of the most sig­nif­i­cant tech­no­log­i­cal achieve­ments of the 20th cen­tury, includ­ing the world’s first space­craft, and the first astro­naut. The Russ­ian Fed­er­a­tion became the suc­ces­sor state of the Russ­ian SFSR fol­low­ing the dis­so­lu­tion of the Soviet Union in 1991, and is rec­og­nized as the con­tin­u­ing legal per­son­al­ity of the All-​Union state.

The Russ­ian econ­omy ranks as the eighth largest by nom­i­nal GDP and fifth largest by pur­chas­ing power par­ity. Russia’s exten­sive min­eral and energy resources, the largest reserves in the world, have made it one of the largest pro­duc­ers of oil and nat­ural gas glob­ally. The coun­try is one of the five rec­og­nized nuclear weapons states and pos­sesses the largest stock­pile of weapons of mass destruc­tion. Rus­sia is a great power and a per­ma­nent mem­ber of the United Nations Secu­rity Coun­cil, a mem­ber of the G8, G20, the Coun­cil of Europe, the Asia-​Pacific Eco­nomic Coop­er­a­tion, the Shang­hai Coop­er­a­tion Organ­i­sa­tion, the Eurasian Eco­nomic Com­mu­nity, the Organ­i­sa­tion for Secu­rity and Coop­er­a­tion in Europe (OSCE), the World Trade Organ­i­sa­tion (WTO), and is the lead­ing mem­ber of the Com­mon­wealth of Inde­pen­dent States.

For more about infor­ma­tion about Rus­sia, visit Wikipedia.