About Moscow


Moscow is the cap­i­tal city and the most pop­u­lous fed­eral sub­ject of Rus­sia. The city is a major polit­i­cal, eco­nomic, cul­tural and sci­en­tific cen­ter in Rus­sia and in Eura­sia. Accord­ing to Forbes 2013, Moscow has the largest com­mu­nity of bil­lion­aires in the world. Moscow is the north­ern­most megac­ity on Earth, the most pop­u­lous city in Europe, and the 5th largest city proper in the world. It is the largest city in Rus­sia, with a pop­u­la­tion, accord­ing to the 2010 Cen­sus, of 11,503,501. By its ter­ri­to­r­ial expan­sion on July 1, 2012 south­west into the Moscow Oblast, the cap­i­tal increased its area 2.5 times; from about 1,000 square kilo­me­ters (390 sq mi) up to 2,511 square kilo­me­ters (970 sq mi), and gained an addi­tional pop­u­la­tion of 233,000 people.

Moscow is sit­u­ated on the Moskva River in the Cen­tral Fed­eral Dis­trict of Euro­pean Rus­sia. In the course of its his­tory the city has served as the cap­i­tal of a pro­gres­sion of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the sub­se­quent Tsar­dom of Rus­sia to the Soviet Union. Moscow is the site of the Moscow Krem­lin, a medieval city-​fortress that is today the res­i­dence of the Russ­ian pres­i­dent. The Moscow Krem­lin is also one of sev­eral World Her­itage Sites in the city. Both cham­bers of the Russ­ian par­lia­ment (the State Duma and the Fed­er­a­tion Coun­cil) also sit in Moscow.

The city is served by an exten­sive tran­sit net­work, which includes four inter­na­tional air­ports, nine rail­way ter­mi­nals, and one of the deep­est under­ground metro sys­tems in the world, the Moscow Metro, third to Tokyo and Seoul in terms of pas­sen­ger num­bers. It is rec­og­nized as one of the city’s land­marks due to the rich and var­ied archi­tec­ture of its 188 stations.

Over time, Moscow has acquired a num­ber of epi­thets, most refer­ring to its size and pre­em­i­nent sta­tus within the nation: The Third Rome, The White­stone One, The First Throne, and The Forty For­ties. The demonym for a Moscow res­i­dent is (moskvich), ren­dered in Eng­lish as Muscovite.

For more infor­ma­tion about Moscow visit Wikipedia.